All of the following statements are true regarding chronic inflammation, EXCEPT:
Which vitamin can be classified as hormone?
Which of the following is the only disaccharide NOT synthesized during human metabolism?
Correct statements regarding mutation may include:
I- Cell division
II- Change in genotype
III- Change in DNA replication altering the gene
All of the following statements concerning the lyophilization of a parenteral product are correct, EXCEPT:
Correct statements concerning vitamin E include:
I- It is a lipid soluble vitamin stored in adipose tissues
II- It is absorbed from the small intestine
III- Widely used in pharmaceutical formulations as antioxidant agent
Which is responsible for N in vivo?
Both isoxazole and oxazole rings are found as substituents in some bacteriostatic sulfanilamides. They are present in these structures specifically because of their:
Which pyrimidine base is not present in DNA?
Enzyme that enables DNA fragments from different sources to be joined:
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of one group to other group is called:
Which of the following is the predominant intracellular element?
Carotene is the precursor of:
The presence of mitochondria in the living cell can be detected by:
Parkinson's disease is characterized by a deficiency of:
Protein synthesis inhibitors may bind to:
Examples of drug(s) that may precipitate asthma include all of the following, EXCEPT:
Agents considered as precursor of leukotriene include:
Which of the following agents is NOT associated with the toxic effect of Stevens-Johnson syndrome?
Uricosuric agents are used in gout treatment by inhibiting the uric acid re-absorption in the proximal tubules, the best example of
a uricosuric agent is:
The ethical principle of veracity requires that:
Osteoporosis is mainly characterized by:
Five subjects given a single intravenous dose of a drug have the following elimination half-lives: 3, 9, 6, 5 and 4 h (hours). The mean half-life is:
All are examples of drugs used in the treatment of bronchoconstriction, EXCEPT:
In an adequately powered, randomized controlled trial conducted over 2 years, the desired clinical outcome (i.e. prevention of a serious cardiovascular event) with a new drug is achieved in 25% of the study sample. In the patients who receive a placebo, only 15% obtain the same clinical benefit. The relative risk reduction achieved with the new drug over the study period is:
Which is not a drug used for smoke cessation?
In an adequately powered, randomized controlled trial conducted over 3 years, a specific serious side effect (i.e. reduction in leukocytes) with conventional therapy is seen in 0.5% of the study sample. In patients who receive a newly discovered drug, only 0.45% experience the same side effect. Based on these results, the minimum number of patients that would have to receive the new drug for 3 years to statistically demonstrate the prevention of one episode of this side effect in at least one patient is:
The number of milli-alents of lithium that KJ will receive with each dose is:
Which of the following vitamins is depleted in the blood by smoke?
The organophosphates commonly found in insecticides are thought to act by which of the following mechanisms?
Once daily dosing of aminoglycosides is effective due to:
Select the drug whose major metabolites have therapeutically significant pharmacological activity:
Mechanism of action of indinavir is:
Class of famciclovir is:
For highly polar drugs (e.g. mannitol) what primarily determines elimination rate?
Potassium sparing diuretics have the primary effect upon the _____ found in the kidney.
Class of buspirone is:
Which of the following statements refers to HPMPC?
Which of the following enzymes could metabolize ethanol?
Which of the following drugs is associated with the reaction of extreme photosensitivity?
Indication of Norvir is:
Half-life of adenosine is:
Mechanism of action of cefoxitin is:
Half-life of streptomycin is:
A drug ending in the suffix (tidine. is considered a ______.
Class of reserpine is:
Given F = .24, what is the overall hepatic clearance of morphine if the above patient has portal hypertension such that their hepatic blood flow is reduced by ½? Assume the clearance value given in the previous question is entirely hepatic clearance.
Effect of cascara is:
Patient is resistant to chloroquine and need to be treated for malaria. Which of the following drugs or combination should be more appropriate for this patient?
Wrong statement regarding MACROLIDES ANTIBIOTICS include:
Mechanism of action of PAS is:
Which of the following statements refers to atenolol?
Which of the following complications is considered the gravest side effect associated with isoniazid treatment?
Drug used together with chloroquine in the treatment of malaria with the purpose to kill persistants parasites in the liver of a person infected with Plasmodium vivax is:
Fluoroquinolone are anti-infective agents analogs of:
Side effect of OKT-3 is:
Treatment of large intestine infection mainly caused by food intoxication may include:
I- Lots of fluids
Interactions with other drugs of Demerol is:
Mechanism of action of carbenicillin is:
All are examples of antihelmintic drugs, EXCEPT:
Otitis extern, an ear infection may be best is best treated by:
First line treatment for UTI-Urinary Tract Infection may include:
Cephalosporin mechanism of action may include: