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Fortinet NSE7_SDW-7.0 Fortinet NSE 7 - SD-WAN 7.0 Exam Practice Test

Fortinet NSE 7 - SD-WAN 7.0 Questions and Answers

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Question 1

Refer to the exhibit, which shows the IPsec phase 1 configuration of a spoke.

What must you configure on the IPsec phase 1 configuration for ADVPN to work with SD-WAN?

Options:

A.

You must set ike-version to 1.

B.

You must enable net-device.

C.

You must enable auto-discovery-sender.

D.

You must disable idle-timeout.

Question 2

Which are three key routing principles in SD-WAN? (Choose three.)

Options:

A.

FortiGate performs route lookups for new sessions only.

B.

Regular policy routes have precedence over SD-WAN rules.

C.

SD-WAN rules have precedence over ISDB routes.

D.

By default, SD-WAN members are skipped if they do not have a valid route to the destination.

E.

By default, SD-WAN rules are skipped if the best route to the destination is not an SD-WAN member.

Question 3

Refer to the exhibits.

Exhibit A

Exhibit B -

Exhibit A shows the configuration for an SD-WAN rule and exhibit B shows the respective rule status, the routing table, and the member status.

The administrator wants to understand the expected behavior for traffic matching the SD-WAN rule.

Based on the exhibits, what can the administrator expect for traffic matching the SD-WAN rule?

Options:

A.

The traffic will be load balanced across all three overlays.

B.

The traffic will be routed over T_INET_0_0.

C.

The traffic will be routed over T_MPLS_0.

D.

The traffic will be routed over T_INET_1_0.

Question 4

What are two benefits of using the Internet service database (ISDB) in an SD-WAN rule? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

The ISDB is dynamically updated and reduces administrative overhead.

B.

The ISDB requires application control to maintain signatures and perform load balancing.

C.

The ISDB applies rules to traffic from specific sources, based on application type.

D.

The ISDB contains the IP addresses and port ranges of well-known internet services.

Question 5

Refer to the exhibit.

Which statement explains the output shown in the exhibit?

Options:

A.

FortiGate performed standard FIB routing on the session.

B.

FortiGate will not re-evaluate the session following a firewall policy change.

C.

FortiGate used 192.2.0.1 as the gateway for the original direction of the traffic.

D.

FortiGate must re-evaluate the session due to routing change.

Question 6

What are two reasons for using FortiManager to organize and manage the network for a group of FortiGate devices?  (Choose two )

Options:

A.

It simplifies the deployment and administration of SD-WAN on managed FortiGate devices.

B.

It improves SD-WAN performance on the managed FortiGate devices.

C.

It sends probe signals as health checks to the beacon servers on behalf of FortiGate.

D.

It acts as a policy compliance entity to review all managed FortiGate devices.

E.

It reduces WAN usage on FortiGate devices by acting as a local FortiGuard server.

Question 7

Which statement about using BGP for ADVPN is true?

Options:

A.

IBGP is preferred over EBGP, because IBGP preserves next hop information.

B.

You must use BGP to route traffic for both overlay and underlay links.

C.

You must configure BGP communities.

D.

You must configure AS path prepending.

Question 8

Refer to the exhibit.

The exhibit shows the SD-WAN rule status and configuration.

Based on the exhibit, which change in the measured packet loss will make T_INET_1_0 the new preferred member?

Options:

A.

When all three members have the same packet loss.

B.

When T_INET_0_0 has 4% packet loss.

C.

When T_INET_0_0 has 12% packet loss.

D.

When T_INET_1_0 has 4% packet loss.

Question 9

Which components make up the secure SD-WAN solution?

Options:

A.

Application, antivirus, and URL, and SSL inspection

B.

Datacenter, branch offices, and public cloud

C.

FortiGate, FortiManager, FortiAnalyzer, and FortiDeploy

D.

Telephone, ISDN, and telecom network.

Question 10

Refer to the exhibit.

The device exchanges routes using IBGP.

Which two statements are correct about the IBGP configuration and routing information on the device? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Each BGP route is three hops away from the destination.

B.

ibgp-multipath is disabled.

C.

additional-path is enabled.

D.

You can run the get router info routing-table database command to display the additional paths.

Question 11

Refer to the exhibits.

Exhibit A

Exhibit B

Exhibit A shows the source NAT (SNAT) global setting and exhibit B shows the routing table on FortiGate.

Based on the exhibits, which two actions does FortiGate perform on existing sessions established over port2, if the administrator increases the static route priority on port2 to 20? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

FortiGate flags the sessions as dirty.

B.

FortiGate continues routing the sessions with no SNAT, over port2.

C.

FortiGate performs a route lookup for the original traffic only.

D.

FortiGate updates the gateway information of the sessions with SNAT so that they use port1 instead of port2.

Question 12

Refer to the exhibit.

Which configuration change is required if the responder FortiGate uses a dynamic routing protocol to exchange routes over IPsec?

Options:

A.

type must be set to static.

B.

mode-cfg must be enabled.

C.

exchange-interface-ip must be enabled.

D.

add-route must be disabled.

Question 13

Refer to the exhibit.

Which statement about the role of the ADVPN device in handling traffic is true?

Options:

A.

This is a spoke that has received a query from a remote hub and has forwarded the response to its hub.

B.

Two hubs, 10.0.1.101 and 10.0.2.101, are receiving and forwarding queries between each other.

C.

This is a hub that has received a query from a spoke and has forwarded it to another spoke.

D.

Two spokes, 192.2.0.1 and 10.0.2.101, forward their queries to their hubs.

Question 14

Exhibit B –

Exhibit A shows the system interface with the static routes and exhibit B shows the firewall policies on the managed FortiGate.

Based on the FortiGate configuration shown in the exhibits, what issue might you encounter when creating an SD-WAN zone for port1 and port2?

Options:

A.

port1 is assigned a manual IP address.

B.

port1 is referenced in a firewall policy.

C.

port2 is referenced in a static route.

D.

port1 and port2 are not administratively down.

Question 15

Which two statements about SD-WAN central management are true? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

The objects are saved in the ADOM common object database.

B.

It does not support meta fields.

C.

It uses templates to configure SD-WAN on managed devices.

D.

It supports normalized interfaces for SD-WAN member configuration.

Question 16

Which best describes the SD-WAN traffic shaping mode that bases itself on a percentage of available bandwidth?

Options:

A.

Interface-based shaping mode

B.

Reverse-policy shaping mode

C.

Shared-policy shaping mode

D.

Per-IP shaping mode

Question 17

What are two common use cases for remote internet access (RIA)? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Provide direct internet access on spokes

B.

Provide internet access through the hub

C.

Centralize security inspection on the hub

D.

Provide thorough inspection on spokes

Question 18

Which three matching traffic criteria are available in SD-WAN rules? (Choose three.)

Options:

A.

Type of physical link connection

B.

Internet service database (ISDB) address object

C.

Source and destination IP address

D.

URL categories

E.

Application signatures

Question 19

Refer to the exhibit.

Based on the exhibit, which statement about FortiGate re-evaluating traffic is true?

Options:

A.

The type of traffic defined and allowed on firewall policy ID 1 is UDP.

B.

FortiGate has terminated the session after a change on policy ID 1.

C.

Changes have been made on firewall policy ID 1 on FortiGate.

D.

Firewall policy ID 1 has source NAT disabled.

Question 20

Which CLI command do you use to perform real-time troubleshooting for ADVPN negotiation?

Options:

A.

get router info routing-table all

B.

diagnose debug application ike

C.

diagnose vpn tunnel list

D.

get ipsec tunnel list

Question 21

What is a benefit of using application steering in SD-WAN?

Options:

A.

The traffic always skips the regular policy routes.

B.

You steer traffic based on the detected application.

C.

You do not need to enable SSL inspection.

D.

You do not need to configure firewall policies that accept the SD-WAN traffic.