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APEGS NPPE National Professional Practice Examination (NPPE) Exam Exam Practice Test

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Total 110 questions

National Professional Practice Examination (NPPE) Exam Questions and Answers

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Question 1

A licensed professional prepared a research project proposal for their employer, Alton University. The professional had signed a non-disclosure clause, which bound them from disclosing any proprietary or confidential Information related to the project proposal. When Blaney University won the project and advertised for a qualified professional to Join the project, the professional applied. During the interview, the professional disclosed their involvement with the Alton University research project proposal.

Is their disclosure potential malpractice that the interviewer should report to the professional regulator?

Options:

A.

It Is not potential malpractice as long as they always followed the non-disclosure terms.

B.

It is potential malpractice because their involvement in the project proposal was confidential.

C.

It Is potential malpractice Because they could transfer proprietary knowledge and the regulator needs to be advised in order to eliminate potential liability for the Blaney research project.

D.

It Is not potential malpractice as sharing what they know about research streams in the Alton proposal that could prove successful but that were not considered in the Blaney's proposal Is Justified.

Question 2

According to relevant Canadian Intellectual property laws, which of the following types of Intellectual property has legal protection immediately and automatically upon creation?

Options:

A.

Patents

B.

Copyright

C.

Industrial designs

D.

Integrated circuits

Question 3

A licensed professional Is leaning the rebuila of an underground transmission line. Upon reviewing the as-built drawings, the professional notices that the configuration deviates from the original design. However, it will be very costly and time-consuming If the work has to be redone.

Which of the following actions should the professional take next given the circumstance?

Options:

A.

Request that the duct work be reconstructed as per the initial design.

B.

Redraw the Initial design to coincide with the Changes found in the as-built drawings.

C.

Determine If the cable duct configuration in the as-built drawings are acceptable and meet all regulations.

D.

Determine if the difference between the initial design and the as-built drawings are minor and If so, move forward with the new design.

Question 4

A professional member employed by Company A is leaving soon to work for Company B, a competitor in the same Industry. The member has submitted his resignation and a departure date has boon agreed upon. After submitting his resignation, the member Is asked by Company A to attend an Industry conference, which will occur prior to the agreed departure date. In order to promote its products. Company B will also send representatives to this conference to promote its own products.

If the member agrees to attend but then promotes his upcoming association with Company B, which of the common codes of ethical principles listed below will the member breach?

1. Professionals shall. In their areas of practice, hold paramount the health, safety, and welfare of the public and have regard for the environment.

2. Professionals shall undertake only work that they are competent to perform by virtue of their training and experience

3. Professionals shall conduct themselves with integrity, honesty, fairness, and objectivity in their professional activities.

4. Professionals shall comply with applicable statutes, regulations, and bylaws in their professional practices.

5. Professionals shall uphold and enhance the honour, dignity, and reputation of their professions and thus the ability of the professions to serve the public Interest.

Options:

A.

1, 2

B.

3

C.

4

D.

4, 5

Question 5

Which of the following two of the seven steps of a Qualifications-Based Selection (QB5) process for hiring consultants are given in the order in which they should be followed?

Options:

A.

Request for Qualifications (RFQ) should be followed by Request for Proposals (RFP).

B.

Contract fee should be negotiated prior to Issuing a Request for Qualifications (RFQ).

C.

Terms of the contract should be negotiated prior to developing a detailed scope of the project.

D.

Detailed scope of the project should first be defined by the client and then Request for Qualification (RFQ) should be issued.

Question 6

Which of the following statements about a licensed professional's seal/stamp is not correct?

Options:

A.

it indicates that the person applying the seal/stamp assumes professional responsibility and is accountable for the document.

B.

It Indicates the person applying the seal/stamp fully understands and agrees with the document's contents and findings.

C.

It Indicates that the person applying the seal/stamp Is confident in the accuracy of the document.

D.

It Indicates that the person applying the seal/stamp guarantees the accuracy of the document.

Question 7

Provincial and territorial engineering and geoscience licensing acts typically state that it is an offence for unlicensed persons to take any of three specific actions. Which of the following actions Is not one of these?

Options:

A.

To advertise professional construction services

B.

To practice professional engineering or geoscience

C.

To use a seal that implies the parson is a licensed professional

D.

To use a term or title that leads others to believe that the person is a licensed professional

Question 8

Professional engineers and geoscientists are not required to perform validation tests for software

Options:

A.

previously tested by a qualified team within the same company

B.

developed In-house oy another engineer or geoscientist

C.

open-sourced through an active online community

D.

commercially purchased by the same company

Question 9

When an allegation Is made against a licensed professional, the following three-stage disciplinary process is undertaken

Stage 1: Evidence gathering

Stage 2: Complaint investigation and review

Stage 3: Discipline hearing

Which stage or stages are confidential?

Options:

A.

Stage 1 only

B.

Stage 2 only

C.

Stages 1 and 2 only

D.

Stages 1 and 3 only

Question 10

A licensed professional mechanical engineer runs a consulting company based in Alberta. The professional is currently designing a project located in Manitoba. The principal modular components of the project are being constructed in Saskatchewan and will be moved and assembled in Manitoba once complete. In order to oversee the construction of the modules, the professional spends a significant amount of their time on-site in Saskatchewan.

Where does the professional need to be registered and why?

Options:

A.

Alberta only, as the professional's consulting company Is based in Alberta.

B.

Manitoba only, as the professional is designing a project located in that province.

C.

Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan, as the professional is practicing in all three provinces.

D.

Alberta and Manitoba only, as the professional's company is in Alberta and the project Is located In Manitoba.

Question 11

A licensed geoscientist is responsible for evaluating the risk of seismic event (minor earthquake) In the design and planning of a horizontal exploration well. After careful analysis, the geoscientist recommends changing the wall path because It transects a significant fault. They are concerned that the horizontal well's completion could cause a minor earthquake, whereas the revised plan would not. Their manager, a licensed engineer, overrules the decision since changing the location will result in significant delays.

In this situation, which of the following initial actions best aligns with the geoscientists professional duties?

Options:

A.

The geoscientist doelines to approve the well and alerts external regulatory agencies.

B.

The geosdentist recommends that their manager authenticate the well plan, thereby shifting responsibility to the manager.

C.

The geoscientist cannot support their manager's decision, refusing to endorse the current well plan by withholding their professional stamp.

D.

The geoscientist clearly explains to their manager in writing their technical rationale and potential consequences of ignoring the recommendation.

Question 12

A lien act requires tie owner of land or a building under construction to:

Options:

A.

pay liens only to workers or suppliers with whom the owner has a contract.

B.

hold back the payment for construction until the Job is completed.

C.

pay Mans automatically if the Man claim is filed within the legal limitation period.

D.

hold back a specified percentage of construction costs to pay possible claims.

Question 13

According to most professional associations' codes of ethics. licensed professionals are required to take all of the following actions except

Options:

A.

keeping themselves informed in order to maintain their competence

B.

striving to advance the body of knowledge within which they practice

C.

providing opportunities for the professional development of their subordinates

D.

keeping a Journal and record of what they have learned for reporting personal development

Question 14

A licensed professional. Contractor A, Pas a long history with licensed professional Contractor 8. They studied at the same university, worked closely together in the past, and regularly compete for projects. Recently, Contractor A has come upon clear and compelling evidence that Contractor B lacks technical competence and has been professionally negligent.

Which of the following actions Is in accordance with the professional code of ethics?

Options:

A.

Contractor A shares their concerns regarding Contractor B's technical competence with clients and advises against involving Contractor B in high-risk projects.

B.

Contractor A documents the particular evidence of Contractor B'S professional misconduct and reports their findings to the profession's Investigative committee.

C.

Contractor A decides to avoid any future professional interactions with Contractor B given the increased risk of project failures and personal and public liabilities.

D.

Contractor A notifies Contractor B that future misconduct will be reported to the Investigative committee with a recommendation to revoke Contractor B's license.

Question 15

In most professional Businesses, using email to conduct business includes all of the following risks except that the email

Options:

A.

is easy to forge and alter before forwarding

B.

will be considered an unofficial means of communication

C.

could be lost or delayed as a result of uneontrollabia reasons

D.

can contain small errors that could result in Irretrievable distribution

Question 16

As used in relation to liability policies, the term 'duty to Indemnify" refers to the

Options:

A.

insurer's obligation to pay claims within the scope of the policy

B.

Insurer's obligation to pay the legal fees and other costs of defending a claim

C.

insured party's obligation to pay the legal fees and other costs of a serious claim

D.

Insured party's obligation to attend court to defend himself or herself and to provide required information

Question 17

Louts, a licensed professional member, was asked by his employer to reduce the stages of a process for expediency and in order to reduce costs. Louis advised his employer that this was not an industry test practice. However, the employer Insisted that Louis make the requested adjustment, which presented Louis with a dilemma.

Which of the following approaches is best for Louis to take in this situation?

Options:

A.

Ignore the employer in line with Louie' commitment to ethical practice

B.

Research appropriate guidelines permitting such adjustment

C.

Go ahead with the adjustment using his best Judgement

D.

Report his employer to the professional association

Question 18

Jane Smith, a licensed professional, is a consulting engineer working in a small town. Jane also sits on Town Council as are elected councillor, which she considers to be a part-time Job in order to help the community. For the last year, lane has been working with a developer who Is proposing a new asphalt mix for road resurfacing to help reduce the number of potholes on town roads. During a regular town council meeting where the developer's proposal was discussed, Jane publicly stated her involvement with the developer's project, did not participate in the debate, and abstained from voting. However, everyone knows that Jane is the only consulting engineer in town and has the most knowledge and expertise with this type of project.

Does Jane have a conflict of interest in this situation?

Options:

A.

Yes, because Jane should not have worked with the developer on the new asphalt mix while she serves as an elected town councillor.

B.

No. Because Jane fully disclosed her Business relationship with the developer at the council meeting and refrained from participating in the formal vote.

C.

No. because Jane only works part-time as an elected councillor for the town in order to help out the community while her full-time job Is as a consultant.

D.

Yes. because Jane is the only consulting engineer in town with the knowledge and expertise for this type of project and can Influence how council members vote.

Question 19

Which of the following activities is not a function of a technical society?

Options:

A.

To publish journals, conference proceedings, codes, standards, and best practices

B.

To protect the public from engineering and/or geoscience professional misconduct

C.

To collect, organize, and disseminate engineering, geoscience, and technical information

D.

To provide networking opportunities to connect professionals with similar technical Interests

Question 20

All of the following duties are duties of professional engineers and geoscientists to society except the duty to ensure that their work will.

Options:

A.

promote the health and safety of the public

B.

achieve maximum benefits for society at large

C.

achieve maximum returns on Investment for their employer

D.

promote the protection of the environment through socially acceptable means

Question 21

A professional member monitors production at a food plant. While walking the plant at the end of a shift, the member sees a major hydraulic oil leak on the ground outside, near the only conveyor that brings raw product into the plant. There Is a scheduled maintenance outage the next day, and dealing with the Issue right now would hurt production goals, and thus affect the member's chance of bonuses.

Options:

A.

tell the next supervise to deal with It on the next shift

B.

ignore the issue and let the next supervisor find and deal with it

C.

stop production, have the issue Axed, and report the spill if required by provincial law

D.

Inform maintenance Immediately so that they can plan for Its repair on the scheduled outage

Question 22

Federal, provincial, and territorial Occupational Health a Safety (OHS) laws typically give employees all of the following basic rights, except the right:

Options:

A.

to refuse dangerous work

B.

to know about workplace hazards

C.

to participate in workplace safety Committees

D.

to seek compensation from employers for injuries

Question 23

In which of the following situations is it most unlikely that a conflict of Interest will arise?

Options:

A.

A consultant suggests a technical change that reduces the consultant's workload without proposing a reduction in her fees.

B.

A consultant recommends that a client purchase goods and services from a company that pays a hidden commission to the consultant.

C.

A consultant suggests a technical change that reduces the consultant's workload and the client benefits from a similar reduction in fees.

D.

A consultant recommends that a client purchase goods and services from a company at which the consultant'C

adult child is marketing manager and the consultant does not disclose this to the client.

Question 24

Sam studied engineering outside Canada and has more than 10 years of experience in his home country, where he was a senior engineer. Me recently Immigrated to Canada and was hired by an engineering company to practice in his field of expertise under the supervision of a licensed professional. Although he does not communicate with the client, he uses the title of 'Senior Engineer' in his communications within the company. He has not yet become a licensed professional in Canada.

If the Regulator becomes aware of this situation, the first thing that will likely happen is that the Regulator will

Options:

A.

send this case to court and Sam will have to pay a fine

B.

direct the company to suspend Sam until he becomes a licensed professional

C.

notify Sam that he needs to register and stop using the title until he becomes a licensed professional

D.

Initiate disciplinary action against the responsible licensed professional for supervising an unlicensed professional

Question 25

Which of the following statements about an environmental site assessments (ESA) is false?

Options:

A.

An ESA is usually conducted in accordance with Canadian Standards Association guidelines.

B.

An ESA recommends remedies If environmental contamination is discovered.

C.

An ESA follows the same process as an environmental audit.

D.

An ESA Is generally conducted by a group of professionals.

Question 26

Tenders have been solicited for the design and construction of three large, urban infrastructure projects. All three projects are expected to commence simultaneously. Given the large scope and tight timeline for each Individual project, only throe consulting firms have the experience and resources required to realistically bid and execute on any one of these projects. In response, the licensed professionals in charge of the bid process for each of the three consulting firms meet privately and orally agree on a collective bid strategy whereby each firm will be the successful bidder for one of the three projects.

Options:

A.

No because the bids were derived through collusion and illegal bid-rigging.

B.

No because bids generated by way of oral agreements are not legally binding.

C.

Yes because oral bid agreements performed and witnessed by professionals are legally binding.

D.

Yes because the project scope, timelines, and limited human capital available required collaboration between firms

Question 27

Person is trying to determine the best solution to an ethical problem by applying Mill's Utilitarianism theory; that Is, she Is trying to determine the maximum benefit for the greatest number of people in the situation. Which of the following factors Is least likely to Influence the solution?

Options:

A.

Number of people who will benefit

B.

Equality of the benefit provided

C.

Intensity of the benefit

D.

Duration of the benefit

Question 28

As used by professional regulators in many Canadian Jurisdictions, a basis for conducting practice/assurance reviews on Individuals is to

Options:

A.

provide low-cost educational opportunities to licensed professional or professionals-In-training

B.

ensure that the continuing professional development requirements are met by every licensed professional

C.

help non-practicing professionals regain the required technical skill sets after a brief Interruption of employment

D.

meet the provincial/territorial governments' legal requirements of a continuing education program for licensed professionals

Question 29

Which of the following statements regarding expert witnesses is incorrect?

Options:

A.

They have an obligation to remain neutral.

B.

They can testify about the standard of care required by a contract.

C.

They cannot charge a fee that Is dependent on the outcome of the case.

D.

They cannot be hired by a defendant or plaintiff and must be appointed by the court.

Question 30

Which of the following statements regarding a negligence action in civil court Is false?

Options:

A.

In order to assist the court in understanding technical matters, an expert witness may be called to provide an opinion.

B.

A finding of negligence in a civil suit may result in further disciplinary action by the professional regulator as double Jeopardy does not apply.

C.

The plaintiff must prove on a balance of probabilities that the defendant knowingly and Intentionally put the plaintiff at risk through their actions.

D.

The plaintiff must prove on a balance of probabilities that the defendant failed to meet the standard of care expected of an average professional in the field.

Question 31

What is the term used to refer to a special form of contract whereby one party guarantees the performance by a second party of certain obligations and what is the term used to refer to the first party?

Options:

A.

The contract is a surety and the first party is referred to as the bond.

B.

The contract Is a bond and the first party Is referred to as the surety.

C.

The contract Is a surety and the first party is referred to as the oblige.

D.

The contract is a bond and the first party is referred to as the principal.

Question 32

Which of the following statements related to Internet communications is false?

Options:

A.

Deleted emails cannot be recovered or traced.

B.

Emails can be easily reproduced and redistributed to a wider audience.

C.

Websites can contain Ill-considered and potentially damaging statements.

D.

A defamatory statement made on a website can be grounds for defamation.

Question 33

Which of the following activities cannot De considered to provide a direct value of the engineering and geoscience professions to society?

Options:

A.

Analysis of economic benefits of work and projects

B.

Suggesting limits and sustainability for resource projects

C.

Advocating for Higher wages and benefits for professionals

D.

Research, development, and application of new technologies

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Total 110 questions